Kids in Montessori: Preparation for Life
When the child starts his journey into the Prepared Environment, Practical Life will greet the child and will help him to adapt to his new social environment.
The exercises of Practical Life help the child to adapt and will help him to gain self confidence as he learns and takes care of himself. The child learns to control his body and strengthen his mental muscles as he concenctrates on each sequenced task. He develops logical thought patterns from following the beginning, middle and end of each exercise. The child gradually acquires coordination and becomes more and more capable of independent functioning.
Practical Life includes lessons on the following: care of self, care of the environment, grace and courtesy, and control and coordination of movement. It is through this movement that the child organizes and constructs his intelligence.
Practical Life activities help the child to control his impulses and allow him to concentrate on one task at hand. These lessons also aid in the development of language and mathematics concepts.
Rug: A small cotton rug for the child to spread on the floor upon which they can place their work. Rugs are kept rolled up neatly in a basket or other container when not in use, and must never be walked on or sat upon. In addition to being used to provide a place for work, rugs are commonly used for teaching control of movement and care of the environment. Children will receive lessons on how to properly carry and unroll/roll their rug as well as how to walk around other children's rugs and respect the work space.
Carrying materials: Children will learn how to properly and carefully carry a variety of objects in a Montessori classroom that he or she will use during the work period. These items will include(but are not limited to): Trays, chairs, tables, jugs with water, sharp objects, books, etc.
Proper Use of Common Materials: Children receive specific lessons on how to properly use particular tools and objects in their Montessori class room, such as: how to look at a book carefully, how to open bottles and jars, how to pour liquids neatly, how to spoon and pour grains, etc.
Personal Care: Children learn about personal care and maintenance of their person necessary in every day life. These activities might include: Buttoning, snapping, zipping, and tying articles of clothing; preparing snacks for one's self, etc. Children will use specific tools in each of these lessons such as the button or lacing frames.
Environmental Care: Children learn about care and maintenance of their environment necessary in every day life. These activities might include: Polishing silver or wood; wiping down tables; folding towels and napkins; sweeping and mopping floors; arranging flowers; etc.
Grace and Courtesy: In the Grace and Courtesy Exercises, children work on the proper interactions of people. These lessons might include: Introductions, greetings, farewells, please/thank you, interrupting, offering/receiving help, respecting personal space, dining manners, etc.
Control of Movement: In the Control of Movement Exercises, children learn about their own movements and learn how to refine coordination through such activities as walking on a line, working quietly, walking inside, being aware of one's environment and others in this environment, etc.
Refinement of Movement
Hand Eye Coordination
Motive for Activity
Lengthens Attention Span
Allows for a sense of order
Care of Self & Environment